What is Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation?

Child sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening, including: physical contact, including penetrative or non-penetrative acts; non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, pornographic material or watching sexual activities or encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways.

Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE):

  • Is a form of sexual abuse that can include sex or any form of sexual activity with a child; the production of indecent images and/or any other indecent material involving children.
  • Involves a child i.e. a person under 18 years old.
  • Involves some form of exchange. This can include the giving or withdrawal of something; such as the withdrawal of violence or threats to abuse another person. There may be a facilitator who receives something in addition to or instead of the child who is exploited. Children may not recognise the exploitative nature of the relationship or exchange. Children may feel that they have given consent.  

Welsh Government have published a National Action Plan for Preventing and Responding to Child Sexual Abuse, which all Regional Safeguarding Boards are required to deliver and report against in the years 2020 to 2022. The Plan can be found below.

Welsh Government Action Plan

National Action Plan Preventing and Responding to Child Sexual Abuse

CYSUR Resources

Harmful Sexual Behaviour 7 Minute Briefing